La New Poor Law voit le jour en 1834. Edwin Chadwick was … Il est né à Longsight, Manchester. Sir Edwin Chadwick KCB (24 janvier 1800 - 6 juillet 1890) était un réformateur social anglais, connu pour son travail de réforme des Poor Laws et pour avoir amélioré les conditions sanitaires et de santé publique.Une des raisons pour lesquelles Chadwick croit en l'amélioration de la santé publique c'est qu'il estime que cela représente une économie d'argent. ", Last edited on 28 September 2020, at 09:53, Report on The Sanitary Condition of the Labouring Population of Great Britain, Chartered Institute of Environmental Health, British Association for the Advancement of Science, National Association for the Promotion of Social Science, London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine, The present and general condition of sanitary science, "The Englishman dubbed 'the father of baseball, "Chadwick's Report on Sanitary Conditions", "The Aesthetic Interior as Incubator of Health and Well-Being", "List of commissions and officials: 1840-1849", "The Healthy City and the Ecological Idea", "Behind the Frieze - Sir Edwin Chadwick (1800-1890) | London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine | LSHTM". The eradication of poverty was seen as an economic issue but the Poor Law Commissioners quickly learned that poverty was often the direct result of ill health. modifier - modifier le code - modifier Wikidata. © copyright 2003-2020 While he is well known for his work with the Poor Law and with sanitation, he also contributed to other areas of public policy. By 1853, they had received requests for inspections from 284 towns, and 13 combined water supply, sewerage and drainage schemes had been completed under the legislation. At 18, Chadwick decided to pursue a career in law and undertook an apprenticeship at an attorney's office. His father, James Chadwick, tutored the scientist John Dalton in music and botany[2] and was considered to be an advanced liberal politician, thus exposing young Edwin to political and social ideas. All other trademarks and copyrights are the property of their respective owners. Chadwick and Nassau William Senior drafted the famous report of 1834, recommending the reform of the old law. Since then, it has been widely acknowledged that public health is a matter of government responsibility, working through local authorities. Edwin Chadwick was born on January 24, 1800 in Manchester. [6], In 1832, he was employed by the Royal Commission appointed to inquire into the operation of the Poor Law, and in 1833, he was made a full member of that commission. This was not achieved until 1899, and Chadwick's recommendation for a single authority was eventually implemented in 1902, with the formation of the Metropolitan Water Board. Even Joseph Bazalgette, who went on to design London's trunk sewer network, spoke out against glazed sewer pipes. Edwin Chadwick was one of these "commissioners" who took a lead in the investigation. In 1842 Chadwick's three volume report "An Inquiry into the Sanitary Condition of the Labouring Population of Great Britain" became a landmark in social history, with its graphic descriptions of how the filth in air, water, soil and surroundings was a major factor in the spread of disease, especially in urban areas. Chadwick was born on January 24, 1800, in Longsight, Lancashire, England. The English utilitarian reformer Sir Edwin Chadwick (1800-1890) sponsored legislation in the areas of public health, factory reform, and poverty relief.He was one of the founders of the modern British administrative state. They worked enthusiastically, ensuring that districts considered comprehensive schemes for water supply, drainage and sewerage. administrateur public et économiste anglais, Dernière modification le 24 octobre 2019, à 18:46. Thus Ekelund and Price in their assessment of Chadwick's economic policies in 2012 can write: Richard Burton Archives, Swansea University, LAC/26/D/61, Joann G. Widerquist, "Sanitary Reform And Nursing: Edwin Chadwick and Florence Nightingale. They concluded that the relief of destitution was not in itself sufficient: apart from reducing suffering, it was essential on economic grounds to take steps for the prevention of disease by removing its physical causes. When his family moved to London in 1810, Chadwick continued his education with the help of private tutors, his father and a great deal of self-teaching. These included tropical hygiene, criminal justice institutions, policy regarding funerals and burials in urban areas, school architecture, utilisation of sewage, military sanitation and the education of paupers. His mother died when he was a child. Chadwick was a clerk in London until the age of 23 when he began to pursue law and enrolled in the Inner Temple. [18] Followed the publication of the Commission's report, the Health of Towns Association was formed and various city-based branches were created. [35] Edwin Chadwick is most associated with public health improvements during the era of Queen Victoria. His grandfather, Andrew Chadwick, had been a … The Department of Civil, Environmental and Geomatic Engineering is part of UCL Engineering, an exciting UCL faculty comprising 10 cutting-edge departments. Edwin Chadwick was born on January 24, 1800 in Longsight, Lancaster, England. He served in his post until his death, at 90, in 1890,[33] at East Sheen, Surrey. He became friends with two of the leading philosophers of the day, John Stuart Mill and Jeremy Bentham. 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