American Entomological Society. 2005. The polyphemus moth also has been known by the genus name Telea but it and the Old World species in the genus Antheraea are not considered to be sufficiently different to wa… Because the name Antheraea has been used more often in the literature, Ferguson (1972) recommended using that name rather than Telea to avoid confusion. 1977. Part 1. Vol. Protective coloration used for defense by a polyphemus moth. Cocoon of polyphemus moth, Antheraea polyphemus (Cramer) with exit hole made by an ichneumon wasp parasitoid. 1965. Brown et al. You can tell your Polyphemus Moth is a female because of the shape of her antennae. 1971. based on a real life breeding experience [for citations in literature and publications], Then click here to return to the homepage (HOMEPAGE), Then click here to see the full species list (FULL SPECIES LIST), Then click here to see the general information (GENERAL INFORMATION), Then click here to see all featured Lepidoptera families (FAMILIES), Nederlandse Entomologische Vereniging (NEV) – NL, Acherontia atropos --- "Deathshead-hawkmoth", Actias dubernardi --- "Chinese moon moth", Antheraea polyphemus --- "Polyphemus moth". Not adding too much leaves also helps keep the humidity down. Hairy and downy woodpecker attacks on cocoons of urban. Adult male polyphemus moth, Antheraea polyphemus (Cramer)(ventral view). The body surface is covered with scales. A Host-Parasite Catalog of North American Tachinidae (Diptera).United States Department of Agriculture Miscellaneous Publication 1319. Egg Care; About; Breeding Polyphemus Moths. Caterpillar rearing sleeves work very well if you live in a temperate climate, but so do caterpillar rearing cages with cut food plant in a water bottle, or a plastic container with the lid removed and replaced with netting/mesh to enable good airflow. ), Sassafras, Citrus, and Ulmus americana (American elm). Now what? Photograph by Donald W. Hall, University of Florida. The caterpillars are quite polyphagous, and have an appetite for most common types of deciduous trees and woodland shrubs, including but not limited to birch (Betula), oaks (Quercus), maple (Acer), willows (Salix), cherries (Prunus), hawthorn (Crataegus), walnut (Juglans), sweetgum (Liquidambar), alder (Alnus), poplar (Populus), elm (Ulmus), Sassafras sp., tulip tree (Liriodendron), beech (Fagus), Gleditisia sp, , sumac (Rhus), Robinia sp., and more. The polyphemus moth also has been known by the genus name Telea but it and the Old World species in the genus Antheraea are not considered to be sufficiently different to warrant different generic names. Wagner DL. Collins Radio Company. Photograph by Donald W. Hall, University of Florida. The sex pheromone has been characterized as a 90:10 mixture, respectively, of trans-6,cis-11-hexadecadienyl acetate and trans-6,cis-11-hexadecadienal (Kochansky et al. 2012. Fortunately, mercury vapor lamps are not used as commonly as they once were for street lights. Upon closer inspection, it is possible to the the plumose structure of the male’s antennae. Figure 18. The large antennae can more easily detect pheromones released by the female. The dark area of the anal plate extends as a line part way across abdominal segment nine. Townes HK. The translucent yellowish-green to green, full-grown (fifth instar) caterpillars are 60 to 75 mm in length (Godfrey et al. Clicking caterpillars: acoustic aposematism in. For a historical account of the polyphemus moth’s taxonomy see Ferguson (1972) or Tuskes et al. Virginia Museum of Natural History. It is named after Polyphemus, the giant cyclops from Greek mythology who had a single large, round, eye in the middle of his forehead (Himmelman 2002). The cocoon contained an ichneumon wasp cocoon. Journal of the Lepidopterists' Society 33: 261-264. Figure 4. Both induction and termination of diapause also may be influenced by temperature (Mansingh and Smallman 1971). will not do your child's homework, Fanmail: WTB? In the wild, this is when the caterpillars are commonly found by people, since it is the only time they voluntarily leave their food plants (trees). Become a member of my Patreon (Patreon) Figure 3. It is a tan-colored moth, with an average wingspan of 15 cm (6 in). We have had several of these unusual and beautiful moths! 138 pp. Mating pairs remain coupled throughout the day and separate at dusk. Sorry, your blog cannot share posts by email. These moths only live a few days, just long enough to mate and start the next generation. Collins MM, Weast RD. I want to raise moths! Figure 9. Older instars eat whole leaves and then sever the petioles to drop them to the ground (Tuskes et al. Worth (1980) has designed a tether for this purpose that prevents the tethered moth from escaping or twisting the tethering line around its body. In instar 4 and 5, the caterpillars become quite fat and chubby, and will start eating a lot of leaves. Note:  Thanks to a comment, we inspected the antennae more closely and we now agree that this is a male Polyphemus Moth. Adult female polyphemus moth, Antheraea polyphemus (Cramer)(dorsal view). Covell CV. Post was not sent - check your email addresses! Signature: Trixie in Texas. Saturniidae (Bombycoidea). Waldbauer GP. Cocoonases of silkworm moths: catalytic properties and biological function. Aphids, Scale Insects, Leafhoppers, and Tree Hoppers, Fungus Beetles and Pleasing Fungus Beetles, Pantry Beetles, Grain Weevils, Spider Beetles, Meal Worms and Carpet Beetles, Crickets, Camel Crickets and Mole Crickets, Sow Bugs, Pill Bugs, Isopods, Lawn Shrimp and Amphipods, Hummingbird Moths, Sphinx Moths or Hawk Moths, Pantry Moths, Clothes Moths, Case-Bearers and Meal Moths, Neuropterans: Lacewings, Antlions, and Owlflies, What's That Bug? Your contribution is much appreciated, and helps compensate for the costs, time and the effort that go into this website. Photograph by Donald W. Hall, University of Florida. Eggs: The slightly oval flattened eggs are white with two broad brown rings and are cemented to the substrate with a dark brown adhesive. Generally, diseases and infections tend to develop inside poorly ventilated containers with ‘stale’ air, that are overcrowded and too humid. Tietz HM. Caterpillar of polyphemus moth, Antheraea polyphemus (Cramer) displaying the characteristic “Sphinx” pose. Ed. First instar larva of polyphemus moth, Antheraea polyphemus (Cramer). Antheraea polyphemus caterpillars quaranted on Betula in rearing sleeves. Your readership is much appreciated. The large hind wing eyespots are ringed with prominent yellow, white (partial) and black rings. Worth CB. benefits youngster with Autism, Eighth Recipient of the Nasty Reader Award: Pink Inchworm. 1980. Photograph by Donald W. Hall, University of Florida. 2002. Young AM. Overwintering cocoons hatch after they have experienced almost non-stop cold temperatures for about 5 months, and are then sponateously warmed up (as to simulate spring). Find me on YouTube This is why in captivity, cocoons can sometimes hatch in the middle of winter, or produce more broods than usual. They are found from southern Canada down into Mexico and in all of the lower 48 states except for Arizona and Nevada (Tuskes et al. Supplement 30. 1979. You will receive a new password via e-mail. Antheraea polyphemus cocoon between birch twigs. Adult Moths and Mating How might I ensure that a female is accessible to males while protecting it from predators such as birds or raccoons? Opler, PA, Lotts K, Naberhaus T, coordinators. Immediately after hatching, caterpillars eat their egg shells (Opler et al. When threatened, adult polyphemus flip the front wings forward and also often flap the wings exposing the large hind wing eyespots -- possibly to startle potential predators. ). IF the cocoons do not decide to overwinter, that is. In this stage, after about their 3rd instar, it’s better to change the setup from plastic boxes to something more ventilated and less crowded. Journal of Insect Physiology 17: 1735-1739. Harvard University Press. Male and female polyphemus moth, Antheraea polyphemus (Cramer) antennae. Wagner WH, Mayfield 1980. Caterpillars are solitary and develop through five instars. Photograph by Donald W. Hall, University of Florida. Associated Publishers. I was hoping a female would emerge, knowing that she would release pheromones, which would attract a male. 289 pp. Sarasota, Florida. 1967. Polyphemus caterpillars are polyphagous and have been reported in nature from over 50 species of broad-leaved plants (Ferguson 1972, Heppner 2003, Tietz 1972, Tuskes et al. 1968.The Moth Book: A Guide to the Moths of North America. Figure 13. 1987). 336,927 Visitors have seen this website so far (Status: many! 1975). Often, the male will be seen dangling below the female, firmly attached to her abdomen. The Allyn Museum of Entomology. Figure 16. Krombein KV, Hurd PD, Jr, Smith DR, Burks BD. Are you perhaps…. The caterpillars will eat a part of their eggshell, start wandering a lot, and find a good place to settle down and eat. 2012 ). Subject: Cecropia Moth? Photograph by Donald W. Hall, University of Florida. 1980. An elegant harness for tethering large moths. Mechanism of activation of prococoonase from. Only for the willing and able. Furry body and antennae are feathery.

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