Minamata was dubbed Chisso's "castle town", in reference to the capital cities of feudal lords who ruled Japan during the Edo period.
veterinarian if any of the symptoms listed above is noticed.

In non-symptomatic Minamata residents, the level was 191 ppm compared to an average level of 4 ppm for people living outside the Minamata area. Former factory manager Eiichi Nishida admitted that the company put profits ahead of safety, resulting in dangerous working conditions and a lack of care with mercury. The conclusion contained many factual errors: eating fish and shellfish from other areas of the Shiranui Sea, not just Minamata Bay, could cause the disease; eating small amounts, as well as large amounts of contaminated fish over a long time also produced symptoms; the outbreak had not, in fact, ended in 1960 nor had mercury-removing wastewater facilities been installed in January 1960. [16], To investigate the epidemic, the city government and various medical practitioners formed the Strange Disease Countermeasures Committee (奇病対策委員会, Kibyō Taisaku Iinkai) at the end of May 1956. “It was this species that very likely contaminated Minamata Bay and subsequently gave rise to the tragedy of Minamata disease,” said Graham George, a professor of geological sciences at the University of Saskatchewan and an expert in the spectroscopy of toxic molecules, although the researchers are not yet sure of the implications for public health and the understanding of mercury poisoning. Signs and symptoms include ataxia, numbness in the hands and feet, general muscle weakness, loss of peripheral vision, and damage to hearing and speech. The defendant could have prevented the occurrence of Minamata disease or at least have kept it at a minimum. SSRL is a Department of Energy Office of Science user facility. Starting in August 1951, the co-catalyst was changed from manganese dioxide to ferric sulfide. The people directly impacted by the pollution of Minamata Bay were not originally allowed to participate in actions that would affect their future. pinpoint exactly the disease. First, the lawyers had to show that methylmercury caused Minamata disease and that the company's factory was the source of pollution. Elusive Internal Structure of Mars Revealed by Ancient Zircon Minerals From the Red Planet, AI Machine Learning Innovation to Develop Chemical Library for Drug Discovery. Researchers from Kumamoto University also began to focus on the cause of the strange disease. also known as feline urologic syndrome, will face great difficulties The original Minamata disease and Niigata Minamata disease are considered two of the Four Big Pollution Diseases of Japan.

Minamata disease broke out again in 1965, this time along the banks of the Agano River in Niigata Prefecture. Advertisement It often occurs in the rear legs and is bilateral.
all the feline diseases, no matter if they are common or not. The prominent Japanese documentary filmmaker Noriaki Tsuchimoto made a series of films, starting with Minamata: The Victims and Their World (1971) and including The Shiranui Sea (1975), documenting the incident and siding with the victims in their struggle against Chisso and the government. On 21 October 1959, Chisso was ordered by the Ministry of International Trade and Industry to switch back its wastewater drainage from the Minamata River to Hyakken Harbour and to speed up the installation of wastewater treatment systems at the factory. the high levels of hormones.

The Kumamoto prefectural government issued a partial ban on the sale of fish caught in the heavily polluted Minamata Bay – but not an all-out ban, which would have legally obliged it to compensate the fishermen. Indeed, Chisso did later set up a subsidiary to reclaim and sell the mercury recovered from the sludge. of hyperthyroid hormones, the symptoms are quite diverse, and include: The symptoms that affect the heart are not present in all cats with The company's own tests revealed that its wastewater contained many heavy metals in concentrations sufficiently high to bring about serious environmental degradation, including lead, mercury, manganese, arsenic, thallium, and copper, plus the chalcogen selenium. Read the thoughts of a photography magazine editor surrounding the controversy of the photograph's withdrawal: Ministry of International Trade and Industry, Learn how and when to remove this template message, Minamata disease compensation agreements of 1959, Insights (Toshiko Akiyoshi – Lew Tabackin Big Band), "Formation of Methyl Mercury by Bacteria", "Minamata Disease: The History and Measures, ch2", Diagnosis Mercury: Money, Politics and Poison, "Agreement reached to settle Minamata suit", In the Hope of Avoiding Repetition of a Tragedy of Minamata Disease, Mercury rising: Niigata struggles to bury its Minamata ghosts, "Mercury poisoning of thousands confirmed", "Ten Things to Know about Minamata Disease", http://www.downbeat.com/default.asp?sect=stories&subsect=story_detail&sid=704, Shisei Kuwabara – 'Minamata': The Starting point of the work of the photojournalist, Shisei Kuwabara, "Memorial service marks Minamata tragedy's 50th year", "Advanced welfare should arise from Minamata", "Minamata Disease: The History and Measures", "The pathology of methylmercury poisoning (Minamata disease)", Approaches to Water Pollution Control, Minamata City, Kumamoto Prefecture, Toxic Archipelago: A History of Industrial Disease in Japan, Minamata Disease: The History and Measures, Toxic Archipelago: Industrial Pollution in Japan – A talk by Brett Walker, September 16, 2010, 2008 United States salmonellosis outbreak, 2017–18 South African listeriosis outbreak, 2018 Australian rockmelon listeriosis outbreak, Spanish Agency for Food Safety and Nutrition, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Minamata_disease&oldid=989348849, Articles containing Japanese-language text, Articles needing additional references from April 2017, All articles needing additional references, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Eto, K., Marumoto, M. and Takeya, M. (2010), This page was last edited on 18 November 2020, at 13:52. affected organs and help the veterinarian to make a distinction between A founding member of the citizens' council was Michiko Ishimure, a local housewife and poet who later that year published Pure Land, Poisoned Sea: Our Minamata disease (苦海浄土―わが水俣病, Kugai Jōdo: Waga Minamatabyō), a book of poetic essays that received national acclaim. Lawsuits against Chisso and the prefectural and national governments are still continuing and many regard the government responses to date as inadequate. One notable example is Hot House (ほっとはうす, Hotto Hausu), a vocational training centre for congenital patients as well as other disabled people in the Minamata area. This virus usually causes feline leukemia.

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